Coffea Arabica and Coffea Robusta are the most common varieties of the coffee plant.
Coffea, that is the coffee plant (Rubiacee family), that originates from the Arabian Peninsula, is now present in the whole equatorial zone. There are approximately seventy different species, among which Arabic Coffea and Coffea Canephora (including the Robusta variety) are the most common.
The Arabica variety
has a deep aroma and a light and intense taste. It contains a minimum level of caffeine.
The Robusta variety
is a vigorous species with a strong and full-bodied taste and has a higher caffeine content.
The coffee tree has oval leaves and white perfumed flowers joined in a bunch. The fruit is similar to a berry and has two seeds.